maggio 18, 2018 Anglo-Italian Events

The First World War in Italy and Beyond:

History, Legacy and Memory (1918–2018)

30 November – 1 December 2018

Italian Institute of Culture, London

Annual Conference of the Association for the Study of Modern Italy



The conference will explore the history, legacy and memory of the First World War in Italy from 1918 to 2018. As the War was one of the formative experiences of the modern Italian nation, the aim is to place the conflict in a longer chronological perspective and to highlight its lasting impact from a range of viewpoints. Drawing on recent innovations in the historiography, the conference will shift focus away from the battlefields towards hitherto neglected areas of study, including the experience of civilians and everyday life, the transition from war to peace, and the post-war climate and reconstruction. It will shed light on how the memory of WWI shaped Italy's national identity and served political ends during the Fascist period and after the Second World War. The intention is also to escape the confines of national historiography by placing Italy in comparative and transnational contexts. Thus, the centenary presents an opportunity to look with fresh eyes at the mark left by the War on the history, politics and society of Italy.


09.30-10.00 Registration

10.00-10.15 Welcome and Introduction

10.15-11.45 Panel 1: WW1 and Italian Colonies and Borderlands

Vanda Wilcox (John Cabot University and Trinity College, Rome Campus)

Italian Imperial Ambitions in the Middle East, 1917–1923

Simona Berhe (Università degli Studi di Milano) Non è Forse la Fine del

Vecchio Regime Coloniale di Prima della Guerra? : La svolta del 1919 in


Maria Christina Marchi (University of St. Andrews) Paper on the borders of

Sudtirol (Title TBC)

Panel 2: The Brutalising Effects of War

Roberta Pergher (Indiana University) The Wayward Children of Paris: Fascism

and the new world order

Megan Trudell (Newcastle University) Nationalism and Revolution: Soldiers at

Fiume 1919-20

Nicolas G. Virtue (King’s University College, London, Ontario) Re-fighting the

Great War in the Adriatic, 1941–43: War memory and the Italian military

mentality in occupied Yugoslavia

11.45-12.15 Coffee Break

12.15-13.15 Panel 3: Neutral and Anti-War Experiences in Italy and Beyond

Carl Levy (Goldsmiths, University of London) Jacques Mesnil as a Militant

Go-between and Observer of Italy During the First World War and the

Biennio Rosso: Anarchism, Sovietism, Bolshevism and Fascism (1914–1923)

Claudia Baldoli (Università degli Studi di Milano) From Neutralism to Anti-

Fascism: The Catholic ‘White Leagues’ 1917–1922

Panel 4: Bread and Labour: Socio-Economic perspectives on WW1

Robert Corban (Columbia University) ‘Il pane è la prima munizione di

guerra’: The weaponization of Italian agriculture in the First World War,


Ana Cergol Paradiž (University of Ljubljana) Trieste and Ljubljana: The work

opportunities for Slovene servants before and after WW1

13.15-14.15 Lunch (provided at the conference venue)

14.15-15.30 Keynote Address, Gunda Barth-Scalmani (University of Innsbruck)

15.30-16.00 Coffee Break

16.00-17.30 Panel 5: Transnational Connections and Comparisons

Chair: Selena Daly (Royal Holloway, University of London)

Egor Lykov (University of Vienna) Civilian Internment of Italian and Austrian

Citizens in Austria-Hungary: War crime and collective memory from a

comparative perspective

Andrea Rizzi (University of Turku) Il Senso Politico della Vittoria: Il Regno

d'Italia e la regione baltico-scandinava tra guerra e primo dopoguerra (1918


David Brown (Farnborough College) ‘Love of home and country will always

appeal to the man with a heart’: The impact of World War One on Italian

communities in Australia 1914–1922

Panel 6: The Long-term Impact of WW1 on Centre and Periphery

Sean Brady (Trinity College Dublin) The Great War, War Metaphors and the

Shaping of Contemporary Sicilian History, 1914–1946

George Newth (University of Bath) The United (Federal) States of Italy?:

Contesting centralism in the post-war Republic

Samantha Owen (Curtin University, Perth) The Place of the First World War

in the Telling of Italian Unification or How the Spiritual Replaced the


18.00-19.00 AGM of the Association for the Study of Modern Italy

20.00 Conference Dinner, Prezzo, North Audley Street

Saturday 1st December, Italian Cultural Institute

9.30-11.00 Panel 7: Centennial Commemorations between Memory and Legacy

Chair: Oliver Janz (Freie Universität, Berlin)

Irene Guerrini, Marco Pluviano (Università di Genova) Condanne a Morte,

Fucilazioni Senza Processo, Decimazioni: Una memoria sommersa e ancora

non condivisa

Dario De Santis (Università degli studi di Udine) Per un Archivio Digitale dell͛

Università Castrense di San Giorgio di Nogaro: Saperi, pratiche, immagini

durante la prima guerra mondiale (1916–1917)

Matteo Giurco (Università degli Studi di Firenze) Retoriche di Pace, Orizzonti

d’Europa: l’Italia e le commemorazioni del Centenario della Grande Guerra

Panel 8: The First World War in Literature

Carlo Moll (University of Cambridge) The Many Faces of the Imboscato: On

the transformation of an Italian trench myth into an enemy of Fascism

Mattia Roveri (New York University) ‘Rompere le righe͛: Italian literature

before and after World War 1

Guido Bartolini (Royal Holloway, University of London) The Memory of the

Great War in the Italian literature of the Axis War (1945–1975)

11.00-11.30 Coffee Break

11.30-12.45 Keynote Address, Marco Mondini (Università di Padova)

Mobilisation, Consent, Victimism: Three categories for understanding the Italian


12.45-13.45 Lunch (provided at the conference venue)

13.45-15.15 Panel 9: Artistic and Cinematic Responses to the War

Jonathan Black (Kingston University, London) Evoking a ‘forgotten victory͛:

The Italian front in 1918 in the imagery of Sydney W. Carline (1888–1929),

fighter pilot and British official war artist

Sophia Maxine Farmer (University of Wisconsin-Madison) Fragmented Bodies:

World War I martyrs and the Fascist myth of Italian unification

Giuliana Muscio (Università di Padova) Cinema Americano e Donne sul Fronte

Italiano nel Primo Conflitto Mondiale: The Love Light e Addio alle Armi

Panel 10: Political Dilemmas: Antimilitarism or War as a Chance for Change?

Daria De Donno (Università del Salento) Il Movimento Giovanile Socialista

Italiano tra Guerra e Dopoguerra

Sara Follacchio (Liceo Classico “Gabriele D’Annunzio” Pescara) Women in New

Italy: The changes in the conception of citizenship and national community

from the First World War to the fall of the Fascist regime

Ruth Nattermann (Universität der Bundeswehr, Munich) Political Crossroads,

Ideological Choices: The Italian women’s movement in the aftermath of the

First World War

15.15-15.45 Coffee Break

15.45-17.00 Roundtable with Gunda Barth-Scalmani, Vanda Wilcox, and Oliver